3 UN Experts Call on Saudi Arabia to Halt Demolition of Al-Masora Neighborhood in Awamia
2017-04-08 - 6:03 p
Bahrain Mirror: Three United Nations experts called on the Saudi authorities to stop the forced eviction and demolition of the Al-Masora neighborhood in Awamia.
In a statement issued on Wednesday (April 5, 2017), the experts called on Saudi Arabia to immediately halt the planned demolition of a 400-year-old walled neighborhood in the village of Awamia and warned the development plan for the Al-Masora quarter threatens the historical and cultural heritage of the town with irreparable harm, and may result in the forced eviction of numerous people from their businesses and residences.
"The area is of importance not only to local people and the entire cultural landscape of Awamia, but also has national significance for the history and cultural heritage of Saudi Arabia," said the UN Special Rapporteur in the field of cultural rights, Karima Bennoune. "The planned demolition would erase this unique regional heritage in an irreversible manner."
The statement indicated that Al-Masora is considered a historical model of a walled village, including mosques, farms and farmers markets, places of worship for Shia ‘Hussainiyat' and businesses, and is home to about 2,000 to 3,000 people. The neighborhood is of great interest for researchers and experts in the fields of heritage and archaeology.
The imminent demolition of the entire neighborhood is reportedly part of a larger development plan for Awamia, aiming to transform the area from a mainly residential neighbourhood to a commercial and service zone. However, the statement highlighted that the plan does not include the construction of residential buildings, local residents fear it will worsen the existing housing crisis and lead to a further rise in housing and land prices.
"Residents have been pressured in many ways, including through power cuts, to vacate their homes and businesses without adequate alternative resettlement options, leaving them at best with insufficient compensation and at worst, with nowhere to go," noted the UN Special Rapporteur on the right to adequate housing, Leilani Farha.
"Demolitions must never lead to homelessness of the evicted persons, so the authorities have to ensure the provision of adequate alternative housing facilities, resettlement and compensation for lost property," she added.
The UN Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty, Philip Alston, also expressed concern about the impact of the demolition on the standard of living of those who will be affected. "If implemented, the plan will remove people from the areas where they live and work, resulting in loss of livelihood and difficulty in securing housing," he stressed.
The experts also raised concerns over the lack of information and public consultation. "It appears that the demolition has been announced without any meaningful consultation with the residents, and without having considered less damaging alternatives, like restoration, or adequate notice informing them about the demolition plans," they noted.
The experts concluded their statement saying that "The Saudi authorities must take all necessary steps to guarantee cultural rights, including the right to the enjoyment of and access to cultural heritage, and the right to an adequate standard of living, including housing, in accordance with international human rights laws and standards." The statement called on to halt all ongoing demolition works that do not meet these standards and cancel any planned in the future.
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